Pairwork 1 Unit 3

Work in PAIRS.

Each pair must post answers on the following definitions, and indicate your sources. WIKIPEDIA MUST NOT BE CONSULTED NOR REFERRED TO.



1. Give a definition of poetry and poem. Provide an example of a short poem by a recognised author.

2. Give a definiton of verse, and stanza. Provide examples of each by recognised authors.


PAIR 2: 

1. Give a definition of rhythm. Provide examples by recognised authors.

2. Give a definiton of metric pattern. Exemplify what iambic tetrameter is.


1. Give a definition of MELODY in poetry. Provide an example of a short poem by a recognised author.

2. Give a definiton of RHYME, . Provide examples of some types. Refer to recognised authors.

PAIR 4: 

1. Give a definition of Alliteration and refer to their types. Provide examples by recognised authors.

2. Give a definition of onomatopoeia. Give examples, find a poem which makes use of such resource.


1. Give a definition of IMAGERY Provide examples.

2. Provide a definition for the notion FIGURE OF SPEECH. Define and exemplify Analogy ad Simile.

PAIR 6: 

1. Define and provide examples of Metaphor, personification, Allusion and Allegory.

2. Define and provide examples of “limerick” and “haiku”. Refer to recognised authors.


1. Define and exemplify Metonymy, hyperbole, and pun. Refer to recognised authors.

2. Define and exemplify: riddle and sonnet. 



7 thoughts on “Pairwork 1 Unit 3

  1. PAIR 3. QUESTION 2.

    2. Give a definiton of RHYME, . Provide examples of some types. Refer to recognised authors.
    It is a correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry.
    It was purchased just for you,
    when you’re happy or you’re blue,
    you can wear it on your head,
    ’round the house or in your bed,
    you can wear it in the dark,
    while you’re strolling in the park.

    You can wear it going to Church,
    or by the tele watching Lurch,
    you could wear it to do the wash,
    or when cooking stew or squash.

    Frosty Freeze is like Carvel,
    always had this great old smell,
    frozen custard, ain’t it grand,
    lots of trips to that old stand,
    Werner Brooks and A & W,
    didn’t have Wawa or VW.

    Thought this shirt might have some power,
    to take old cancer to the shower,
    to make you laugh and push that bug,
    with a big old “Frap” and a giant mug.

    Whatever it does, it’s inspired from above,
    and sent from your brother with a whole lot of
    By Sam French

    References: Oxford Dictionary and FamilyFriend poems.

  2. Pair 3 Question number 2


    The basic definition of rhyme is two words that sound alike. The vowel sound of two words is the same, but the initial consonant sound is different. Rhyme is perhaps the most recognizable convention of poetry, but its function is often overlooked. Rhyme helps to unify a poem; it also repeats a sound that links one concept to another, thus helping to determine the structure of a poem. When two subsequent lines rhyme, it is likely that they are thematically linked, or that the next set of rhymed lines signifies a slight departure. Especially in modern poetry, for which conventions aren’t as rigidly determined as they were during the English Renaissance or in the eighteenth century, rhyme can indicate a poetic theme or the willingness to structure a subject that seems otherwise chaotic. Rhyme works closely with meter in this regard. There are varieties of rhyme: internal rhyme functions within a line of poetry, for example, while the more common end rhyme occurs at the end of the line and at the end of some other line, usually within the same stanza if not in subsequent lines. There are true rhymes (bear, care) and slant rhymes (lying, mine). There are also a number of predetermined rhyme schemes associated with different forms of poetry. Once you have identified a rhyme scheme, examine it closely to determine (1) how rigid it is, (2) how closely it conforms to a predetermined rhyme scheme (such as a sestina), and especially (3) what function it serves.

    Alone by Edgard Alan Poe

  3. 1.- “Poetry is a literary work in which the expression of feelings and ideas is given intensity by the use of distinctive style and rhythm”

    A verbal composition to express experiences, ideas, or emotions presented in a piece of paper. It’s a creation in verse rather than in prose.

    by: T.S. Eliot (1888-1965)

    HE broad-backed hippopotamus
    Rests on his belly in the mud;
    Although he seems so firm to us
    He is merely flesh and blood.
    Flesh-and-blood is weak and frail,
    Susceptible to nervous shock;
    While the True Church can never fail
    For it is based upon a rock.
    The hippo’s feeble steps may err
    In compassing material ends,
    While the True Church need never stir
    To gather in its dividends.
    The ‘potamus can never reach
    The mango on the mango-tree;
    But fruits of pomegranate and peach
    Refresh the Church from over sea.
    At mating time the hippo’s voice
    Betrays inflexions hoarse and odd,
    But every week we hear rejoice
    The Church, at being one with God.
    The hippopotamus’s day
    Is passed in sleep; at night he hunts;
    God works in a mysterious way–
    The Church can sleep and feed at once.
    I saw the ‘potamus take wing
    Ascending from the damp savannas,
    And quiring angels round him sing
    The praise of God, in loud hosannas.
    Blood of the Lamb shall wash him clean
    And him shall heavenly arms enfold,
    Among the saints he shall be seen
    Performing on a harp of gold.
    He shall be washed as white as snow,
    By all the martyr’d virgins kist,
    While the True Church remains below
    Wrapt in the old miasmal mist.

    2.- ‘’Verse is a single metrical line of poetry, or poetry in general (as opposed to prose which uses grammatical units like sentences and paragraphs).’Verse’ is also used as a general term for metrical composition. Not all verse is poetry and sacred books such as the Holy Bible are divided into small verses.’’

    ‘’ A stanza consists of two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme and are used like paragraphs in a story. Some different types of stanzas are as follows:

    Couplets – Couplets are stanzas of only two lines which usually rhyme.

    Tercets – Tercets are stanzas of three lines. The three lines may or may not have the same end rhyme. If all three lines rhyme, this type of tercet is called a triplet.

    Quatrains – Quatrains are stanzas of four lines which can be written in any rhyme scheme.’’

    Example of Stanza and Verse:

    A Drunken Man’s Praise of Sobriety by William Butler Yeats
    No ups and downs, my pretty,
    A mermaid, not a punk;
    A drunkard is a dead man,
    And all dead men are drunk.

    And all dead men are drunk.

  4. PAIR 2:
    1. Give a definition of rhythm. Provide examples by recognized authors.
    It is the organization of the words. It could be words ordered into more or less regular sequence of stressed and unstressed or it could be long and short syllables. In simple words, “rhythm is how the words actually flow.”

    “It was purchased just for you,
    when you’re happy or you’re blue,
    you can wear it on your head,
    ’round the house or in your bed,
    you can wear it in the dark,
    while you’re… “
    By Sam French

    2. Give a definiton of metric pattern. Exemplify what iambic tetrameter is.
    Metric is a regular sound pattern of sound within the poem.
    The systematic regularity in rhythm; this systematic rhythm (or sound pattern) is usually identified by examining the type of “foot” and the number of feet.

    Iambic tetrameter is a meter in poetry. It refers to a line consisting of four iambic feet. The word “tetrameter” simply means that there are four feet in the line; iambic tetrameter is a line comprising four iambs. Some poetic forms rely upon iambic tetrameter: triolet, Onegin stanza, Memoriam stanza, long measure (or long meter) ballad stanza.
    Example: ‘Trees’ by Joyce Kilmer
    ‘I think that I shall never see
    A poem lovely as a tree.
    A tree whose hungry mouth is prest
    Against the earth’s sweet flowing breast;
    A tree that looks at God all day,
    And lifts her leafy arms to pray;
    A tree that may in summer wear
    A nest of robins in her hair;
    Upon whose bosom snow has lain;
    Who intimately lives with rain.
    Poems are made by fools like me,
    But only God can make a tree.’

    1. Define and exemplify Metonymy, hyperbole, and pun. Refer to recognised authors.
    Metonymy: a figure of speech consisting of the use of the name of one thing for that of another of which it is an attribute or with which it is associated. Example: The “pen” stands in for “the written word.” “Out, out”-Robert Frost

    Hyperbole: A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect. Example: I could sleep for a year.

    “Old Times on the Mississippi,” yet another piece by Mark Twain, contains a hyperbole example: “I was helpless. I did not know what in the world to do. I was quaking from head to foot, and could have hung my hat on my eyes, they stuck out so far.”

    Pun: A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words.

    Examples: At the electric company: We would be delighted if you send in your bill. However, if you don’t, you will be.

    Lewis Carroll’s Mad Hatter asked how a raven is like a writing desk, and answered with

    “it is nevar put with the wrong end in front!” Obviously, the word “never” here is misspelled in order to appear as “raven” written backwards.

  5. PAIR 4:
    ‘Alliteration’ is the use of words in a sentence with the beginning of every word with the same consonant or group of letters.
    (1) Daddy’s Gone A Hunting by Mother Goose

    Bye, baby bunting,
    Daddy’s gone a – hunting,
    Gone to get a rabbit skin
    To wrap baby bunting in.

    ‘Onomatopoeia’ refers to the formation of a word by imitation of a sound made by or associated with its referent.
    (2) Five little ducks went to play
    Wibble wobble, wibble wobble to and fro
    But the one little duck
    With the feather on his back
    He led the others with a quack, quack, quack.
    Quack, quack, quack
    Quack, quack, quack
    He led the others with a quack, quack, quack.
    Written by Dorothy Aldis

  6. 1. Define and provide examples of Metaphor, personification, Allusion and Allegory.
    Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison.


    Sonnet 18

    “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day,” (Shakespeare).

    Personification:Personification is a figurative language technique where an object or idea is given human characteristics, abilities, or qualities.

    “Hey diddle, Diddle,
    The cat and the fiddle,
    The cow jumped over the moon;
    The little dog laughed
    To see such sport,
    And the dish ran away with the spoon.” (Mother Goose)

    Allusion: the act or practice of making a casual or indirect reference to something; the act of allusion: The Bible is a fertile source of allusion in art.
    The Adventures of Pinocchio
    “I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio’s.” (Carlo Collodi)

    Allegory: A representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another.
    What do you see?
    I wish I was a bird that flies so high and free
    But just like me
    Little bird
    Is it a human you long to be?
    Little stars in the sky
    Shine so bright
    The men get high
    Twinkle so sweet
    Make the women sigh
    Still just like the bird that flies so high
    You’re lonely and even YOU want to be
    People before you die. ( John Murray)

    2. Define and provide examples of “limerick” and “haiku”. Refer to recognised authors.

    Limerick: A limerick is often a funny poem with a strong beat. Limericks are very light hearted poems and can sometimes be utter nonsense. Limerick poems are great for kids to both read and write as they are short and funny.
    Example and Author : Edward Lear
    “There was an Old Man with a beard
    Who said, ‘It is just as I feared!
    Two Owls and a Hen,
    Four Larks and a Wren,
    Have all built their nests in my beard!’”

    Haiku: A Japanese lyric verse form having three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, traditionally invoking an aspect of nature or the seasons.

    An old silent pond…
    A frog jumps into the pond,
    splash! Silence again.
    Autumn moonlight—
    a worm digs silently
    into the chestnut.

    Lightning flash—
    what I thought were faces
    are plumes of pampas grass. (Basho Matsuo)


  7. PAIR 5:
    Imagery: “Is the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively. Imagery can best be defined as descriptive language”.
    T. S. Eliot – excerpt from Preludes
    “The winter evening settles down
    With smell of steaks in passageways.
    Six o’clock.
    The burnt-out ends of smoky days.
    And now a gusty shower wraps
    The grimy scraps
    Of withered leaves about your feet
    And newspapers from vacant lots;
    The showers beat
    On broken blinds and chimney-pots,
    And at the corner of the street
    A lonely cab-horse steams and stamps.
    And then the lighting of the lamps.”

    Figure of speech
    “In common usage, the opposite of a literal expression: a word or phrase that means something more or something other than it seems to say.”
    (Richard Nordquist –

    When you use simile you compere something to something else in order to emphasise the similes between the two things.-
    “The clouds look like cotton balls. The edge of the snow shovel is sharp like a knife.'”
    (Donita K. Paul, Two Tickets to the Christmas Ball. Waterbrook Press, 2010)

    Analogy: “A comparison between one thing and another, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification”
    Lines are from Amy Lowell’s poem “Night Clouds”.
    “The white mares of the moon rush along the sky
    Beating their golden hoofs upon the glass Heavens.”

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